Study Guide: Rock Salt, Evidence for Catastrophe!

“One of the most obvious and easily understood forms of sedimentary evidence for very long periods of time in earth’s history is the existence of multiple-layer, thick beds of evaporite* minerals in many parts of the world.” –NEGLECT OF GEOLOGIC DATA:  Sedimentary Strata Compared with  Young-Earth Creationist Writings

Oh, no! We can’t trust the Bible, we’ll just have to admit today’s Uniformitarian scientists have been right all along. Or, do we?

Here’s the typical story you’ll hear about how the massive layers of rock salt around the world got there:

Long, long ago, there were shallow seas where everything was lovely, but then things started to dry up. So, “living creatures swam to a more suitable home” (remember this, it will be important later). The heavy salts settled out gradually forming salt beds. These beds can be enormously thick, for example, one area of Michigan has rock salt layers 1300 feet [396m] thick.

Today we find rock salt layers under somewhere around 2% of the dry land. This doesn’t sound very big, But this means around 1,149,816.8 square miles [2978800km2] are covered in salt layers!

One of the things I’ve always wondered was where the salt came from in the first place. You can see the Uniformitarians think the salt came from the ocean and dried up on land to form all these layers. But, I checked where the salt in the ocean comes from with the US Navy. They say the salt comes from land’s rock salt.

Now, I’m really confused!

The University of Georgia does a good job of telling us where the water and salts come from. They just don’t remember God covered the whole earth with water at the very beginning.

“Seawater has about 3.5% salt in it– Most of this salt is common table salt– sodium chloride (NaCl), with smaller amounts of potassium, magnesium, sulfur, and calcium. Some of these elements came up from the mantle with the water during the out-gassing process that originally formed the oceans. But most of this salt accumulated over time due to weathering of rocks that make up the continents– as rain fell on the land, it slowly dissolved parts of the rocks, and the soluble salts were washed into the sea.

If they assume the salt didn’t come from the ocean in the first place, why do they believe the salt on the dry land came from the ocean? Seems they might have their thinking in a knot.

So, what’s really going on? The other day I ran into a man who’s been studying the rock salt near his home in the Netherlands and has found out some amazing things. The video itself doesn’t tell you anything about him, so I’ll send you to Biblical Geology’s Blog to learn a bit about Stef Heerema. Then, come on back and we’ll examine his video.

His accent is a little thick so I’ll post a few of his words so you can follow along better. After you’ve watched the video, see how many of the questions you can answer.

The European salt formation is call the Zechstein formation

Evaporate model = theory of rock salt formation from evaporating sea water

Magma chamber

Magmetic = coming from under the earth’s crust

Catastroph = Catastrophe

Rock salt is most often table salt (sodium chloride) or calcium sulfate (CaSO4, also known as anhydrite)

Primary igneous origin = straight from under the crust

basin = low point on earth’s crust

Thermal shrink = getting smaller as it cools

Direct contact = no insulation between two things

Underground salt body = main layer of salt

  • We find _________ fossils in rock salt.  Would an animal or plant trapped in the salt have been destroyed or preserved by the salt?
  • Salt acts as a __________ when it is really hot. It flows like _________ but is twice as _________ as water
  • Hot salt will do what to anything organic (animal or plant remains) caught underneath it? _____________________
  • Do table salt and calcium sulfate mix together when they crystallize?
  • Where and when have scientists seen salt erupting from under earth’s crust? _______________________ in 19_____ For more see this link: unfortunately it’s a scientific paper, but just have a look for (CaSO4)
  • When the salts are so hot they are liquified, the salts can mix.
  • Which salt crystallizes first? _____Sodium Chloride  _____Calcium Sulfate
  • At what temperature does it solidify (answer on the left side of the chart)? ____________ in Fahrenheit this is ______________ (in Celsius this is ____________)
  • Which one is denser? ______________
  • Which salt is found in the highest layer of the Zechstein formation? _______________
  • At what temperature does the other salt solidify (T= on the chart)? _______________
  • Do these salts stay mixed as they crystallize? __________________
  • The first chart of rock pillars with houses on top is inaccurate. He’s showing what Uniformitarians tell us happened. Why couldn’t it have happened? The weight would have __________________
  • The next possible explanation was “plate tectonics.” You can learn about them in the posts on Folded Mountains.  Could this explain the salt pillars under Holland? ___________

Now for the Flood model of the salt pillars:

  • Salt erupts over a wide area, slowly cooling from the top down
  • Something cracks the crystalized top layers (perhaps volcanic activity, seismic waves, or contracting as it cools)
  • Liquid salt has enough heat energy to evaporate ____/______ of the same volume of water
  • That experiment is really cool, isn’t it! What happened to the red layer when the water above it started boiling? _______________
  • Why didn’t the white layers rise too? ________________
  • How is this like the solid layers of salt near the salt pillar? _______________________
  • When this lifts liquid salt up in the water, does it quickly cool to a stop or keep the process going? ____________________
  • The pillars can be up to 3.5km high. in miles this is _______________

Those detached diapirs (dye-ah-pier, not diaper, this is a geological term for a dome) are cool. How do we know there was something besides water and salt in the area when the pillars were forming? ______________________________________

  • The next chart shows a simple version of what would have been there as the salt rose. What does the brown color stand for? ___________

The next chart shows some odd colored lines running through. These are thin slices of the sedimentary layers covering all of the area with the rest stripped away so you can see the salt pillar. Pay attention to where the different colors are.

  • The lower layers of sediment don’t cover the top, so we know they were/weren’t there when the pillar was pushed up.
  • Those lower layers do rise up along the sides of the pillar. What could have pushed them up against the pillar as it formed? ______________________
  • Does the Gulf of Mexico salt formation make sense from a Uniformitarian view? Why? __________________________
  • Gypsum is made of ______________________ and ____________
  • You can’t make gypsum out of _________________ salt
  • There is gypsum on top of the salt pillars so the water they formed in was ______________. This is important because we need answers for how freshwater creatures could survive the Flood.

Be sure to visit the video on YouTube and give it a like if you enjoyed Mr. Heerema’s presentation!

Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his saltness, wherewith will you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and have peace one with another. Mark 9:50

PS, Creation Ministries International has a whole long article by Heerema with a great map of world rock salt locations and lots more.

On November 19, 2013, Stef Heerema responded to a number of objections to his theory. It’s not the easiest reading, but gives a great example of how evidence can be used both ways and we aren’t the ones having to ignore it!

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2 thoughts on “Study Guide: Rock Salt, Evidence for Catastrophe!

  1. Pingback: Our Salty Earth | Creation Science 4 Kids

  2. Pingback: How did Freshwater Creatures survive the Flood? Part 1 | Creation Science 4 Kids

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